Session content

Monday– Classes from 09:30 to 17:30 


Geometric morphometrics: overview and potential applications:


  •            Traditional and geometric morphometrics
  •             An overview of common analyses


From biological objects to numerical representation:


  •          Overview of typical devices used to digitalise biological objects
  •         Landmarks, semilandmarks, outlines and surfaces - different types of geometric morphometric data
  •         Most commonly used geometric morphometric software
  •         Data quality, most common pitfalls in study design and data acquisition


Generalized Procrustes analysis (GPA) – the core of most geometric morphometrics




Tuesday– Classes from 09:30 to 17:30



Principal component analysis (PCA)


Comparing groups:

  •        Between-group PCA
  •        Canonical variate analysis (CVA)
  •        Tests of difference in means



Wednesday– Classes from 09:30 to 17:30


 Co-variation between size and shape:

  •          Allometry, regression and general linear models


Co-variation between shapes:

  •          Partial least squares analysis (PLS)
  •          Modularity and integration



Thursday – Classes from 09:30 to 17:30 


Combining analyses in a basic workflow:

  •         Preliminary assessment of data quality
  •        Typical basic workflow


Expanding the basic workflow: association between shape and environmental variables


Expanding the basic workflow: notes on combining geometric morphometric and genetic/genomic data



 Friday– Classes from 09:30 to 17:30



Expanding the basic workflow: elements of phylogenetic comparative analyses


Review and open discussion


Presentation of attendees’ analyses on their own data